There are several different types of sports, and each one requires its own set of equipment and rules to play. Generally, the equipment is divided into two categories: ‘Equipment for Competition’ and ‘Equipment for Protection’. Equipment used in competition includes all types of shoes, arm bands, helmets, uniforms, socks and other protective gear that allow participants to compete comfortably. Equipment for protection mainly consists of padding, elbow pads, knee pads and mouth guards. It can also include training aids such as weights, medicine balls and training pads.
Sports (or sports) includes all types of generally strenuous physical exertion that, through either organised or informal activity, attempt to use, develop or improve certain physical skill and ability while also providing entertainment to spectators, and in some instances, competitors. Many people take part in sports to avoid doing the things they don’t want to do. For example, bodybuilders take part in bodybuilding sports to build mass and muscle power, while weight lifters use weightlifting as an exercise to build strength and muscular endurance. Of course, all sports involve exertion of the body, but the type of physical exertion varies according to the sport.
Activities that engage physical skill and involve minimal exertion are generally called leisure sports. Examples include cycling, swimming, handball, table tennis, field hockey and badminton. Leisure sports often do not require high levels of skill, but rather require high levels of coordination, patience, endurance, rhythm and the ability to enjoy the activity. They can be broadly categorized into cardiovascular and aerobic exercises, athletic activities requiring use of the entire body, sports requiring joint involvement and games that use sensory skills, such as hand-eye coordination.
A relatively recent development in the field of sports is the development of ‘professional sport’ as a more defined and regulated term, which includes both physical activity performed by athletes at a competitive level and non-sport competitive activities like contests and athletic displays. While most people would define competitive games such as baseball, basketball and football as games of chance, the term ‘professional sport’ provides a more specific definition. It includes not only games of chance, but also games in which players are put under physical stress or use specialized gear and equipment. In recent years, professional sport events have become increasingly popular, with some even calling these prestigious events athletic competition.
Combining elements of both sports and leisure into a single athletic event has come to be recognized as a unique and new phenomenon. Many different kinds of athletic events have evolved over time – including track and field events, which are essentially endurance events, mixed martial arts games, running, swimming, cycling, tennis and badminton. The beauty of these games is that they combine aspects of several types of physical activities into a single athletic event. Modern athletes refer to these games as multi-sport events.
Sports, while not strictly physical activity, are becoming an increasingly important part of our society. Popular sports can attract a large audience – audiences as large as 100 million people in India, making it the most-watched event on television. And the prevalence of popular sports across many different cultures has increased the exposure of the sport to the general public, to the point where many people take it seriously enough to train regularly, compete in professional competitions, or follow their favorite athlete’s career.